LIGHTING IS set to play in crucial role in the passenger experience at Beijing’s new £9 billion airport, which opens this month.
Designed by London-based Zaha Hadid Architects in collaboration with French firm ADP Ingénierie, Beijing Daxing Airport is set to be the world's biggest terminal building and will cater for 100 million passengers a year.
The engineering team – which included Buro Happold, Mott MacDonald and EC Harris – integrated daylight and LED lighting to create high levels of visual comfort to set off the dramatic fluid lines on the 1 million square metre building’s interior.
Some 1,300 LED downlight from Osram, all controlled intelligently by a central system, are integrated into lines in the curved roof to complement the available natural light. It reduces energy consumption by around two thirds compared to traditional systems.
Buro Happold worked closely with the architect to integrate the engineering design into the architecture.
The practice incorporated numerous passive elements into the design, including shading strategies, high performance glazing, and carefully placed roof lights that optimise the energy performance of the terminal.
These solutions will result in a predicted 50 per cent reduction in overall energy consumption and CO2 emissions.
The radial design of the terminal features a central hub from which six curved spikes extend, which reduces the distance passengers will need to travel to reach their gate to a maximum 600 metres and ensures this huge building is easy to navigate.
The building features a six-pier radial design, which is arranged around a large space in the centre that evolved from ‘principles within tradition Chinese architecture that organise interconnected spaces around a central courtyard,’ says Zaha Hadid Architects.
Arup was appointed as the fire engineering consultant and also carried out peer review and value engineering for the steel roof structure.
The airport's master plan was designed by airport consulting firm China Airport Construction Corporation with executive architect Beijing Institute of Architectural Design.
The airport will open at the end of this month in time for China’s national day on 1 October.
- Learn more about lighting control at the LuxLive 2019 exhibition, taking place on Wednesday 13 November and Thursday 14 November 2019 at London ExCeL. Entry is free. See the full programme and register for a place HERE.
- Main pic: MA Long (Architect)/Beijing Institute of Architectural Design.